As I read and reflected on Romans, chapters 9-11, I felt these chapters could be outlined under this title: The Sovereign Rule of God in Redemption. The outline would show God’s perspective in chapter 9, man’s perspective in chapter 10, and how God works it out, in spite of what to us might be a somewhat confusing conundrum in chapter 11.
Chapter 9 shows why only some believe God’s message. Chapter 10 describes the faith journey of those who do believe God’s message. Chapter 11 shows how redemption came to Gentiles because of Israel’s rejection of God’s plan. As the story unfolds we see Israel returning to God and His salvation. This explanation might be confusing to us, but God’s creative strategy goes beyond the conundrum.
As Paul gets caught up in his explanation, he’s captivated by the riches of the wisdom and knowledge of God. This caused him to blurt out a doxology of praise and worship: “Oh, the depth of the riches of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable his judgments, and his paths beyond tracing out! Who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has been his counselor? Who has ever given to God, that God should repay him? For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be the glory forever! Amen” (Romans 11:33-36).
True worship affirms with awe what we know about God and also humbly acknowledges what we don’t know.